High Road to Culture in Flanders and the Netherlands


High Road to Culture in Flanders and the Netherlands

‘De man die een berg werd’ by Grete Simkuté: Ultimate Sacrifice in Mysterious Japan
© Tom Vining / Unsplash
© Tom Vining / Unsplash © Tom Vining / Unsplash
review First Book

‘De man die een berg werd’ by Grete Simkuté: Ultimate Sacrifice in Mysterious Japan

A young woman in search of meaning is inspired by the wanderings of a Japanese monk from the nineteenth century. In De man die een berg werd (The Man Who Became a Mountain), debut author Grete Simkuté writes about human motivations and how they can lead and mislead us.

During a trip to Morocco, a young woman rethinks her relationship with her Norwegian boyfriend. She once fell for his playfulness and nonchalance while travelling through Asia, but nowadays he seems more interested in his surfboard and in gaming on his computer than in her.

While he shows off his skills on the waves of Taghazout on the Atlantic coast with other modern-day hippies, she immerses herself in Haruki Murakami. In due course she falls under the spell of an old Japanese tradition: sokushinbutsu, the practice of monks who isolated, starved, and then self-mummified in sealed mountain caves. Those involved do not call it suicide, but eternal meditation.

The story moves to Japan in the early nineteenth century, the twenties. We meet Myo, a young man who has become a monk in a Buddhist sect. He has just declared to the cult leader that he is ready for sokushinbutsu, the ultimate submission.

Myo’s story is told in two parts. There are the days when he prepares for his final seclusion in the cave, days he spends in near solitude on the sacred mountain near the monastery, surviving on berries he picks from the bushes. Those chapters are interspersed with the story of Myo’s life before he decided to become a sokushinbutsu.

The life story of the young man, still just a teenager, is nothing short of dramatic. He does not speak a word until he is six years old, when he gets a sister. She becomes his heroine. But the family is struggling: the rice crop fails, first father and then mother die of starvation. On her deathbed, Myo promises his mother he will take care of his sister Asa, but during their trek to the city she also dies of hunger. The misery is almost too much for a child’s soul to digest, but luckily, he finds shelter in the monastery.

There he can be silent; he no longer has to speak. Some monks see his silence as a sign of strength, others suspect he is carrying a deep secret, still others suspect rage.

It is a book full of reflections on human motivations and how they can lead and mislead us

The setting of the young monk on the mountain, tormented and tested by earthly life, of course means Simkuté has plenty of room to philosophize about life. To say that De man die een berg werd (The Man Who Became a Mountain) is a philosophical novel would be an exaggeration, but it is a book full of reflections on human motivations and how they can lead and mislead us, about the quest for enlightenment, about the desire to be a better person, and our inability truly to know one another. We are nothing but bones, skin, and defeat, is one of Myo’s melancholy observations.

Fortunately, it is not all doom and gloom. There is also time for beautiful dreams, for budding love with an artist, and even for some homoerotic tension with another monk, a man who gets close to Myo through the power of his haiku. Poetry will ultimately play a life-defining role.

And then in the end the question still is: which path do you choose, which mystery do you follow, which sacrifices are you willing to make, for yourself and for others? Simkuté patiently works towards the climax, and the final chapters each get a little more breathtaking, as if in a trance. Eventually you no longer know the difference between the hallucinations and what is real.

Simkuté, who was born in Lithuania and now works in Belgium as an independent journalist and copywriter, has written a very rich first book, full of beautiful images and oriental mysticism. Even though he is inclined towards death, in her story Myo comes alive. Simkuté writes visually and has clearly immersed herself in her subject. She writes with a great sense of rhythm and ambience, and the story is full of poignant observations and remarks about the unbalanced nature of being human, monk or otherwise.

In the end, Simkuté briefly links back to the young woman with the Norwegian surfer boyfriend on just two occasions, because it is clear that Myo’s story also makes her think about her life and particularly her relationship. That this will not endure was already clear from the opening paragraphs. That contemporary framework does not really add much, it is not much more than a reason to read Murakami and discover Japan. The frame story was therefore not absolutely crucial, but that is but a minor flaw in an otherwise excellent debut novel.

Grete Simkuté, De man die een berg werd, Lebowski, 2022, 368 pages

Sign in

Register or sign in to read or purchase an article.


You are visiting this website through a public account.
This allows you to read all articles, but not buy any products.

Important to know

When you subscribe, you give permission for an automatic re-subscription. You can stop this at any time by contacting philippe.vanwalleghem@onserfdeel.be.